2 edition of Air quality concerns related to snowmobile usage in national parks found in the catalog.
Air quality concerns related to snowmobile usage in national parks
Mode of access: Internet from DOI web site. Address as of 6/14/02: http://www2.nature.nps.gov/ard/pubs/snowmobiler̲eport.pdf; current access is available via PURL.
|Statement||U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Air Resources Division.|
|Contributions||United States. National Park Service. Air Resources Division.|
|The Physical Object|
In light of this new technology, the park service has developed a balanced plan that would allow limited snowmobile use, and still preserve the natural resources of our national parks. Snowmobiling provides a unique way to experience the parks, and the money these people spend is an important contribution to local economies. Air Quality in Our National Parks Is the Same as in Big Cities. but can also cause respiratory and other health issues. To combat the problem, the EPA established the Regional Haze Rule in , designed to restore views at national parks and wilderness areas by cutting the emissions from factories and coal-fired power plants that lead.
In a study titled Snow Machine Use and Deer in Rob Brook, conducted by the Forest Wildlife Biologist of the White Mountain National Forest in New Hampshire, snowmobile operations and deer movement were monitored. A summary of the study indicated that deer travel patterns were not affected by periodically heavy snowmobile use. Vermont Legislative Research Shop. Snowmobile Impact on the Natural Environment: An Overview. Emissions. Recreational two-stroke vehicles including snowmobiles, all terrain vehicles (ATV’s), mini-bikes, and other specialty vehicles, are significantly more polluting than four stroke engines due to their poor combustion.
Snowmobiles continue to pose a significant risk to children younger than 15 years and adolescents and young adults 15 through 24 years of age. Head injuries remain the leading cause of mortality and serious morbidity, arising largely from snowmobilers colliding, falling, or overturning during operation. Children also were injured while being towed in a variety of conveyances by snowmobiles. Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks Septem – October 2, RL For at least a decade, the use of snowmobiles in Yellowstone and other national parks has been controversial because of the potential impacts on wildlife and, until recently, the absence of standards for snowmobile emissions and noise.
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Air Quality Concerns Related to Snowmobile usage in National Parks, page 4 of 22 Snowmobile emissions within a national park will vary based on numerous factors. These factors include the number of machines entering the park, the number of hours used, the type of engines and fuels used, engine speed, elevation, and ambient.
Additional Physical Format: Air quality concerns related to snowmobile usage in national parks 22 p. (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National. centrated snowmobile use on air quality and human health.
For example, the NPS launched an air-quality study in to measure snowmobile emissions (Bishop and others ). The study found that 27% of the yearly carbon monoxide emissions and 77% of the yearly hydrocarbon emissions in YNP come from snowmobile use. The quality of recreational File Size: KB.
sulfate and ammonium are of greatest concern as potential threats to water quality in areas of heavy snowmobile use. This paper will show that there is a potential for snowmobile emissions to pose a risk to humans and aquatic life but this risk cannot be quantified because of a current lack of water quality data.
To the snowmobile industry and to many in communities neighboring national parks, “Snowmobiling is an important part of the economic engine that supports northern communities, winter tourism.” 1 To environmental groups, snowmobiling “is one of the most environmentally devastating recreational activities permitted by the Park Service.
resulting in adverse impacts to Park wildlife, air and water quality, vegetation, Park ecology, and Park. Air quality concerns related to snowmobile usage in national parks. U.S. Dept.
of Interior and National Park Service, Air Resource Division. Federal Register, vol. 66, no. Winter air quality in Yellowstone National Park: – () 4.
Winter air quality in Yellowstone National Park: — () 5. Air quality at a snowmobile staging area and snow chemistry on and off trail in a Rocky Mountain subalpine forest, Snowy Range, Wyoming () Size: 1MB. Impacts to air and water quality Snowmobile exhaust contains dangerous levels of airborne toxins including nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, ozone, aldehydes, butadiene, benzenes, and extremely persistent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
These pollutants degrade air quality and alter snow chemistry. Noise Pollution. snowmobile with their parents throughout their lives, sharing great experiences as a family.
In many winter regions, snowmobiling is simply the main form of winter outdoor recreation and in some cases the main method 2 of transportation available. The use of snowmobiles in National Parks is regulated by federal Law Size: KB. snowmobile with their parents throughout their lives, 2 sharing great experiences as a family.
In many winter regions, snowmobiling is simply the main form of winter outdoor recreation and in some cases the main method of transportation available. The use of snowmobiles in National Parks is regulated by federal Law Size: KB.
statement of michael d. snyder, acting deputy director, national park service, department of the interior, before the subcommittee on national parks of the house committee on resources, on snowmobile use in the national park system.
of snowmobiles has raised concerns about air quality (especially HC, VOC and CO) and park employee health at YNP. Bishop et al. (), () docu-mented ‘in-use’ snowmobile pollutant emissions (pollutant evaluation of snowmobiles in use for recreational travel) but did not directly address associated air quality issues.
Kado et al. These studies helped to back the first attempt and gathering support to ban all snowmobile use in the National Parks in November by Congressman Bruce Vento (D-MN) and Chris Shays (R-CT). Then in Aprilthe ban was enforced in both parks only allowing the use of four-stroke snowmobiles and snowcoaches.
Snowmobile use in Yellowstone National Park has been shown to impact air quality, with implications for the safety and welfare of Park staff and other Park resource values.
Division (NPS ARD) issued a report titled, “Air Quality Concerns Related to Snowmobile Usage in National Parks.” Of this report, the Greater Yellowstone Coalition (GYC) writes: “The final report. One of the biggest concerns about snowmobiling in Yellowstone is whether or not snowmobile emissions cause air pollution.
Those opposed to snowmobiles attest that emissions can lead to health problems for park employees who are subjected to prolonged exposure, while snowmobile supporters contend that the toxicity levels of emissions and exposure rates are not significant enough.
If snowmobile use were permitted at the levels listed in the “Air Quality Concerns Related to Snowmobile Usage in National Parks” report with the new emissions standards with the use of direct injection two-strokes, a far different outcome would be had. HC emissions would be 27% instead of 68%, CO emissions would be 18% rather than 42%.
If snowmobile use were permitted at the levels listed in the “Air Quality Concerns Related to Snowmobile Usage in National Parks” report with the new emissions standards with the use of direct injection two-strokes, a far different outcome would be had. HCI emissions would be 27% instead of 68%, CO emissions would be 18% rather than 42%.
Further, according to the California Air Resources Board, today’s typical 2-stroke snowmobile engine produces as much harmful pollution in seven hours as a passenger car driven formiles.
Earlier this year, the Bush Administration reversed the Clinton Administration’s ban on snowmobiles in Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks.
The park is downwind of significant pollutant sources, including power plants, agricultural areas, industry, and oil and gas development.
Even emissions from over-snow vehicles affect winter air quality. Air pollution can harm the park’s natural and scenic resources such as. National Ambient Air Quality Standards have never been exceeded anywhere due to snowmobile use. Book ), the average snowmobiler is 43 years old.
in the U.S. The average snowmobiler rides their snowmobile 1, miles per year and spends $4, each year on snowmobile-related recreation. The average annual household income for File Size: 8MB.Polaris Indy Snowmobile Service Manual Repair DOWNLOAD HERE Instant download of the factory repair manual for all Polaris Indy snowmobiles.
[Filename: polaris_indy_snowmobile_service_manual_repair__pdf] - Read File Online - Report Abuse.Water quality impacts resulting from snowmobile use has not been studied as well-studied as air quality impacts, but snowpack samples near heavily traveled snowmobile trails have been correlated with elevated levels of ammonium, sulfate, benzene, and other carbon compounds from gasoline combustion, raising concerns about water quality.